minute lesson Grades K-3
The student will (TSW) be introduced to the Elements of Art: SHAPE and
FORM, the meaning of Two dimensional (2-D)
and Three dimensional (3-D), and they will create a Thanksgiving style
Turkey that will demonstrate these concepts.
Construction paper “feathers, head and wings” (run off on
ditto master) using autumn colors, paper plates, glue, crayons, scissors,
9x12 manilla paper.
The element of shape should be discussed. What is a shape (circle, square,
freeform) etc. The fact that most shapes are flat and therefore 2-dimensional
things are flat should be discussed and shared until that concept is clear
to the students. Now the idea of form and 3-dimensional objects may be
introduced. Kindergarten students and first graders might not be clear
on these ideas. Second and third graders should have a grasp of this concept.
For instance explain that a triangle in 2-D may be a cone or pyramid in
3-D, a circle may become a sphere, or a square may become a cube, etc.
The idea that objects in 3-D have measurements: height, width, and depth
help convey the concept.
1. TSW be given the manilla paper and will be asked to draw a horizon
line and color half as sky and the lower half as ground.
2. TSW be given a paper plate and be asked to draw a small dot in the
center of the plate. TSW then cut a straight line to that dot. TSW then
pull one part of the plate under the other, forming a cone. (They love
this part!) Use this step to again confirm the concepts! Shape to Form/2-D
(I found it easiest to staple each student’s paper plate in the
cone shape to save on frustration and time after they have formed the
3. TSW now carefully glue the paper plate to the manilla paper in the
lower half of the page about two inches up from the bottom. Make sure
they apply the glue only to the very edge of the plate.
4. Give each child the construction paper of the head, wings, waddle,
beak, and feathers and have them cut them out.
5. Explain where and how to glue on each part of the turkey, starting
with the head and beak. The head is tricky because it rests on the top
of the cone and wants to spread out or slide down. Be sure to tell the
children to hold the head for a few seconds until it is stuck securely.
6. After the head, TSW glue on the wings and feathers. The feathers should
be glued on in a semi circular manner, perhaps in a pattern of various
colors of paper.
7. TSW finally draw on feet for a completed turkey.
1. Can the student explain the difference between shape and form, 2-D
2. Did the student successfully create a 3-D Turkey?
This lesson could
also be used to teach the horizon line, pattern, or measurement. Each
child could measure the, diameter, width, height, or length of their turkey
to help with math skills.
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