Online classes can follow the seven principles suggested by Chickering and Gamson (1987). In an article by Graham, et al. (2001) , suggestions of how to accomplish each of the seven principles in online classes are given resulting, in a list of “lessons learned”.
|Principle 1: Encourages Student-Faculty Contact
Lesson for online instruction: Instructors should provide clear guidelines for interaction with students.
|Principle 2: Encourages Cooperation Among Students
Lesson for online instruction: Well-designed discussion assignments facilitate meaningful cooperation among students.
|Principle 3: Encourages Active Learning
Lesson for online instruction: Students should present course projects.
|Principle 4: Gives Prompt Feedback
Lesson for online instruction: Instructors need to provide two types of feedback: information feedback and acknowledgment feedback
|Principle 5: Emphasizes Time on Task
Lesson for online instruction: Online courses need deadlines.
|Principle 6: Communicates High Expectations
Lesson for online instruction: Challenging tasks, sample cases, and praise for quality work communicate high expectations.
|Principle 7: Respects Diverse Talents and Ways of Learning
Lesson for online instruction: Allowing students to choose project topics incorporates diverse views into online courses.
Principles of best practices in online undergraduate teaching