SAFETY DEPARTMENT

2nd Quarter 2021 – Hurricane Preparedness & Safety Rules

Hurricane Preparedness

STEP 1: Put Together An Emergency Kit

Be sure to include these items:

  • Flashlight
  • Extra batteries
  • Bottled water (At least three gallons of water per person)
  • Battery-powered radio
  • First aid kit and essential medications-prescription medications and list of medications for each person
  • Form of Identification
  • Canned food and non-electric can opener
  • Special items for infants, elderly or disabled family members
  • Utility knife, shut off wrench, and pliers
  • Tape
  • Extra pair of glasses and sunglasses
  • Plastic sheeting
  • Pet food
  • Protective clothing, rain wear
  • Clothing and bedding: a change of clothes, footwear and a sleeping bag or bedroll and pillow for each household member
  • Car keys and keys to the place you may be going (friend’s or relative’s home)
  • Written instructions on how to turn off electricity, gas and water if authorities advise you to do so (Remember, you’ll need a professional to turn them back on.)

Important papers to take with you in a portable, waterproof container:

  • Driver’s license or personal identification
  • Social Security card
  • Proof of residence (deed or lease)
  • Insurance policies
  • Birth and marriage certificates
  • Stocks, bonds and other negotiable certificates
  • Wills, deeds, and copies of recent tax returns

STEP 2: Make Preparations

Prepare a personal evacuation plan.

  • Identify ahead of time where you could go if you are told to evacuate. Choose several places- a friend’s home in another town, a motel or a shelter.
  • Keep handy the telephone numbers of these places as well as a road map of your locality. You may need to take alternative or unfamiliar routes if major roads are closed or clogged.
  • Listen to NOAA (www.noaa.gov) Weather Radio or local radio or TV stations for evacuation instructions. If advised to evacuate, do so immediately.

Know what to do when a Hurricane WATCH is issued.

  • Listen to NOAA (www.noaa.gov) Weather Radio or local radio or TV stations for up-to- date storm information.
  • Prepare to bring inside any lawn furniture, outdoor decorations or ornaments, trash cans, hanging plants, and anything else that can be picked up by the wind.
  • Prepare to cover all windows of your home. If shutters have not been installed, use precut plywood as described in following pages. Note: Tape does not prevent windows from breaking, so taping windows is not recommended.
  • Fill your car’s gas tank.
  • Recheck manufactured home tie-downs.
  • Check batteries and stock up on canned food, first aid supplies, drinking water and medications.

Know what to do when a hurricane WARNING is issued.

  • Listen to the advice of local officials, and leave if they tell you to do so.
  • Complete preparation activities.
  • If you are not advised to evacuate, stay indoors, away from windows.
  • Be aware that the calm “eye” is deceptive; the storm is not over. The worst part of the storm will happen once the eye passes over and the winds blow from the opposite direction. Trees, shrubs, buildings, and other objects damaged by the first winds can be broken or destroyed by the second winds.
  • Be alert for tornadoes. Tornadoes can happen during a hurricane and after it passes over. Remain indoors, in the center of your home, in a closet or bathroom without windows.
  • Stay away from flood waters. If you come upon a flooded road, turn around and go another way. If you are caught on a flooded road and waters are rising rapidly around you, get out of the car and climb to higher ground.

If local officials haven’t advised an immediate evacuation:

  • If there’s a chance the weather may get worse or flooding may happen, take steps now to protect your home and belongings. Do this only if local officials have not asked you to leave.

Protect your home.

  • Bring things indoors. Lawn furniture, trash cans, children’s toys, garden equipment, clotheslines, hanging plants, and any other objects that may fly around and damage property should be brought indoors.
  • Leave trees and shrubs alone. If you did not cut away dead or diseased branches or limb from trees and shrubs, leave them alone. Local rubbish collection services will not have time before the storm to pick anything up.
  • Look for potential hazards. Look for unripe fruit, and other objects in trees around your property that could blow or break off and fly around in high winds. Cut them off and store them indoors until the storm is over.
  • Turn off electricity and water. Turn off electricity at the main fuse or breaker, and turn off water at the main valve.
  • Leave natural gas on. Unless local officials advise otherwise, leave natural gas on because you will need it for heating and cooking when you return home. If you turn gas off, a licensed professional is required to turn it back on, and it may take weeks for a professional to respond.
  • Turn off propane gas service. Propane tanks often become dislodged in disasters.
  • If flooding is expected, consider using sand bags to keep water away from your home. It takes two people about one hour to fill and place 100 sandbags, giving you a wall one foot high and 20 feet long. Make sure you have enough sand, burlap or plastic bags, shovels, strong helpers, and time to place them properly.
  • Remember Houses do not explode due to air pressure differences. Damage happens when wind gets inside a home through a broken window, door, or damaged roof.
  • Cover the outside of windows with shutters or plywood. Use shutters that are rated to provide significant protection from windblown debris, or fit plywood coverings over all windows. Tape does not prevent windows from breaking. All tape does is prevent windows from shattering. Using tape on windows is not recommended.

Protect your valuables.

  • Move objects that may get damaged by wind or water to safer areas of your home. Move television sets, computers, stereo and electronic equipment, and easily moveable appliances like a microwave oven to higher levels of your home and away from windows. Wrap them in sheets, blankets or burlap.
  • Make a visual or written record of all of your household possessions. Record model and serial numbers. This list could help you prove the value of what you owned if those possessions are damaged or destroyed, and can assist you to claim deductions on taxes. Do this for all items in your home, including expensive items such as sofas, chairs, tables, beds, chests, wall units, and any other furniture too heavy to move. Store a copy of the record somewhere away from home, such as in a safe deposit box.

Prepare for high winds.

  • Install hurricane shutters or purchase precut 1/2″ outdoor plywood boards for each window of your home. Install anchors for the plywood and predrill holes in the plywood so that you can put it up quickly.
  • Make trees more wind resistant by removing diseased and damaged limbs, then strategically removing branches so that wind can blow through.

Caring for Pets During An Emergency

Don’t forget your pet when preparing a family disaster plan.

Contact your veterinarian or local humane society for information on preparing your pets for an emergency.

BEFORE THE DISASTER
• Make sure that your pets are current on their vaccinations. Pet shelters may require proof of vaccines.
• Have a current photograph.
• Keep a collar with identification on your pet and have a leash on hand to control your pet.
• Have a properly-sized pet carrier for each animal – carriers should be large enough for the animal to stand and turn    around.
• Plan your evacuation strategy and don’t forget your pet! Specialized pet shelters, animal control shelters, veterinary clinics and friends and relatives out of harm’s way are ALL potential refuges for your pet during a disaster. If you plan to shelter your pet – work it into your evacuation route planning.

DURING THE DISASTER
• Animals brought to a pet shelter are required to have: Proper identification collar and rabies tag, proper identification on all belongings, a carrier or cage, a leash, an ample supply of food, water and food bowls, any necessary medications, specific care instructions and newspapers or trash bags for clean-up.
• Bring pets indoor well in advance of a storm – reassure them and remain calm.
• Pet shelters will be filled on a first come, first served basis. Call ahead and determine availability.

AFTER THE DISASTER
• Walk pets on a leash until they become re-oriented to their home – often familiar scents and landmarks may be altered and pets could easily be confused and become lost. Also, downed power lines, reptiles brought in with high water and debris can all pose a threat for animals after a disaster.
• If pets cannot be found after a disaster, contact the local animal control office to find out where lost animals can be recovered. Bring along a picture of your pet if possible.
• After a disaster, animals can become aggressive or defensive – monitor their behavior.

PET DISASTER SUPPLY KIT
• Proper identification including immunization records
• Ample supply of food and water
• A carrier or cage
• Medications
• Muzzle, collar and leash

Plan for your pets.
Animal ownership is a personal responsibility and properly caring for your animals during a storm and possible evacuation takes careful preparation and planning ahead of time.

Make sure your pets have proper identification – preferably something permanent like a microchip or tattoo and collars with identifying tags.

Important items concerning pets to take along during an evacuation: health records, 3-day food and water supply, pet carriers, leashes, harnesses, muzzles, special medications.

Take digital or film pictures of any identifying marks on the pet in order to prove ownership.

STEP 3: Stay Informed

Additional information may be obtained from your local parish Office of Emergency Preparedness, Governor’s Office of Homeland Security & Emergency Preparedness website at http://www.getagameplan.org or your local weather service. This information may be helpful in developing your personal emergency preparedness plan. Remember to monitor the Nicholls website for university updates @ http://emergency.nicholls.edu/

Twitter Follow GOHSEP Twitter and receive emergency update tweets @ https://twitter.com/gohsep

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Safety Rules 

  1. Observe and follow all posted safety notices.
  2. The use of any tobacco product in any form is prohibited on all Nicholls State University properties including the main campus, Duhe Building, Chauvin Gardens, etc.
  3. No fighting or horseplay allowed in the work area or classroom.
  4. Know where fire extinguishers are located and how to use them.
  5. Evacuate in an orderly manner if the fire alarm sounds.
  6. Know designated evacuation routes from your floor and building.
  7. Know emergency phone numbers or access to them.
  8. Report all injuries and accidents to your supervisor.
  9. Report to your supervisor any equipment that is not operating properly.
  10. Do not run in the work area.
  11. Report unsafe conditions to your supervisor.
  12. Do not throw objects in the work area.
  13. Keep your workstation clean and orderly.
  14. Keep floor free of litter.
  15. Place litter and waste materials in proper containers.
  16. Do not walk on wet floors and immediately wipe up spills.
  17. Keep passageway clear to allow easy access and exit.
  18. Keep desk, filing drawers, etc. closed to avoid hazards to those walking by.
  19. Return equipment and material to their proper place after use.
  20. Report lighting and ventilation problems affecting you to your immediate supervisor.
  21. Always read labels before using chemicals, bleaches, cleaning fluid, etc. that could be harmful if spilled.
  22. When working with hazardous chemicals, do not work alone.
  23. Use only approved cleaning fluids when cleaning machinery. Remember to allow for proper ventilation. Dispose of rags and waste material in proper containers and away from heat.
  24. Do not operate machines or equipment without proper training.
  25. Never leave a machine or equipment in operation unattended. Turn machine and equipment off before leaving the office at the end of the workday.
  26. Neckties, scarves and other wearing apparel should be secured when working around equipment.
  27. Notify your supervisor of any breakage or malfunction of machinery or equipment.
  28. Wear eye protection, respirators, or protective clothing in regulated areas or during functions requiring protective gear.
  29. Report frayed electrical cords immediately.
  30. Tape temporary electrical cords to the floor to prevent tripping.
  31. Do not overload electrical circuits.
  32. Do not use electrical extension cords as a permanent electrical line.
  33. Never turn on an electrical switch unless you know what it operates and have had the adequate training on that piece of equipment.
  34. Do not attempt to repair electrical devices unless properly trained to do so. Otherwise, report it to a supervisor.
  35. Keep flammable items away from electrical outlets, cords or other electrical apparatus.
  36. Use only properly grounded electrical equipment.
  37. When using university vehicles or your own vehicle for authorized travel, remember to use your seat belts and drive defensively.
  38. Only authorized drivers allowed to operate state vehicles or personal vehicles for state business.
  39. Do not text and drive.

These listed safety rules are not totally inclusive. They are intended as a guide to develop proper health and safety practices and procedures. Should you have questions or doubts about safe operations in the workplace, please contact your supervisor or the Safety Officer. Nicholls State University wants to provide a safe and healthy work and academic environment for its students, faculty and staff.