VI. Training

The University Environmental Health and Safety Department shall conduct or shall sponsor training sessions for employees. The Environmental Health and Safety Department shall determine when training programs are to be held, their frequency, subject matter and the location so all employees may participate. All department heads shall encourage their employees to attend safety sessions, allowing time away from their job to attend the sessions. Training records shall remain on file within the Environmental Health and Safety Department for a minimum for three (3) year or until next training date if greater than three (3) years.

Procedures For Setting Up A Training Program

Safety Training for New Employees (Preventive Maintenance Program)
New employee training is a key component to the safety program as well as the equipment management program. The following safety checklist is only a guideline to assist supervisors to identify those new employee training requirements. If changes are made to equipment and or work processes, employees must receive additional training.This document is to be signed by the supervisor and the employee and returned to the safety department upon completion.

Safety Training for Employees
The purpose for employee safety training is to establish a systematic method of teaching employees to perform the required tasks in a safe and efficient manner. There are four (4) primary objectives in employee safety training:
1.   To teach employees hazard recognition and methods of corrective action.
2.   To involve employees in accident prevention.
3.   To Motivate employees to accept their safety responsibility.
4.   To provide employees information on accident causes, occupational health hazards and accident prevention methods.

Steps in Conducting Employee Safety Training
Select appropriate training topics and schedule training by priority. Eleven training topics are recommended as essential to each college or facility.

Safety Program Objectives
Rights and responsibilities of the employee
Authority and responsibilities of the supervisor
Safety policy/rules
Accident and near miss accident reporting
Job safety analysis
Accident experience and trends
Drug testing and substance abuse
Blood borne Pathogens
Sexual Harassment

Hazard Recognition and Control
Types of hazards
Preventive measure
Inspection procedures
Recording and reporting
Immediate temporary controls

Emergency First Aid Procedures
Recognizing first aid emergencies
Gaining control
Emergency care

Emergency Response Procedures
Alarm systems
Evacuation routes
Fire extinguisher training

Personal Protective Equipment
What to use
When to use
Storage area
How to check, inspect and maintain
Material handling
High risk jobs
Proper lifting
Proper carrying

Slips, Trips, and Falls
Recognizing potential problems
Minimizing exposure

Unsafe Environmental Conditions
Outside (heat, cold, wind, rain, hurricanes, tornadoes)
Inside (noise, dust, vapors, fumes)
Other (fire, bomb threats)

Good Housekeeping Practices
Tools and equipment

Work from Elevations/Use of Ladders
Preventing a fall
Falling safely

Safe Vehicle Operation
Pre-operational inspection
Control of common hazards
Rules of the road
Defensive Driving

Hazard Communication
Right to know
GHS Labeling & Pictograms

Develop a lesson plan for each training session. A complete lesson plan should include the following:
Title: Clearly identifies the topic.
Objectives: States what the trainee should know or be able to do at the end of the training period. A well written objective limits the subject matter, is specific and stimulates thinking on the subject.
Estimated Time of Instruction: States the length of the training sessions. Ample time should be allowed to thoroughly cover the subject.
Materials: States materials to be used in training including equipment, tools, charts, slides, films, etc.
What the Instructor Will Do: Give the plan of action. Indicates the method of teaching (lecture, demonstration, class discussion, etc).
What the Employee Will Do: Indicates how employees will apply the material the training session.
Evaluation: Establishes an assessment method (test, discussion, demonstration) for determining whether the training objectives are achieved.
Assignment: Provides employees an opportunity to apply the material on the job.
See sample lesson plan.

Safety Training for Supervisors
The immediate job of preventing accidents and controlling work hazards falls upon the supervisor because safety and production are part of the same supervisory function. Some objectives of the safety training for supervisors are as follows:
1. To involve supervisors in Nicholls’ accident prevention program.
2. To establish the supervisor as the key safety person in each unit.
3. To help supervisors understand their safety responsibilities.
4. To Provide supervisors with information on causes of accidents and occupational health hazards and methods of prevention.
5. To help supervisors gain skill in accident prevention activities.

Suggested Safety Topics for Supervisors
Safety and the Supervisor –
Relationship between safety and productivity.
Know Your Accident Problems – Elements of an accident (unsafe acts, unsafe conditions), accident investigations, measurements of safety performance, accident costs. Human Relations – Employee motivation, basic needs of workers, supervisor as a leader, alcohol and drug problems
Maintaining Interest in Safety – Committee functions, employee relations, supervisor’s role in off-the-job safety.
Instructing for Safety – Job instruction training, procedure for conducting job safety analysis.
Industrial Hygiene – Environmental health hazards, (lighting, noise, ventilation, temperature).
Personal Protective Equipment – Eye protection, face protection, foot and leg protection, hand protection, respiratory protection, protection against radiation
Industrial Housekeeping – Results of good housekeeping, responsibility of the supervisor.
Material Handling and Storage – Lifting and carrying, handling specific shapes,
hand tools for material handling, motorized equipment, hazardous liquids and compressed gases.
Guarding Machines and Mechanisms – Principles of guarding, benefits of good guarding, types of guards, standards and codes.
Hand and Portable Power Tools – Selection and storage, safe use of hand tools and power  tools.

Sample Lesson Plan

Title: Personal Protective Respiratory Equipment
Objective: Employee will be able to properly use and maintain respiratory equipment.
Estimated Time of Instruction: ½ – 1 hour
Materials Needed:
1.  Operating instruction manual
2.  Respiratory Equipment
3.  Work area diagram
4.  Job safety analysis requiring use of respirators

What the Instructor Will Do:
1.  Indentify on the work area diagram where and when respiratory equipment is needed.
2.  Demonstrate:
a.   Proper method of wearing respiratory equipment.
b.   Procedure for replacing filter (if appropriate).
c.  Procedure for cleaning and maintaining equipment.
3. Discuss:
a.   Capabilities and limitations of equipment.
b.   Gas inhalation symptoms.
c.   Filter replacement – when and where.
1.  Difficult breathing
2.  Periodic
3.  Safe area – refer to work area diagram

What the Employee Will Do:
1. Understand when respiratory equipment is necessary.
2.  Understand gas inhalation symptoms and the capabilities and limitations of the equipment. 3.  Put on and remove respiratory device.
4.  Replace filter.
5.  Clean respiratory equipment.

1.  Employee should explain
a.  Capabilities and limitations of equipment
b.  Where equipment is stored
c.  When to wear respiratory equipment
d.  When to change filter
2.  Employee should demonstrate
a.  Adjustment of straps
b.  Sealing of mask
c.  Filter not leaking
d.  Cleaning of faceplate.